Professor Mandyam Srinivasan FAA, FRS - Visual and Sensory Neuroscience
Srinivasan is presently Professor of Visual Neuroscience at the Queensland Brain Institute and the School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering of the University of Queensland.
He holds an undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering from Bangalore University, a Master's degree in Electronics from the Indian Institute of Science, a Ph.D. in Engineering and Applied Science from Yale University, a D.Sc. in Neuroethology from the Australian National University, and an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Zurich.
Among his awards and honours are Fellowships of the Australian Academy of Science, of the Royal Society of London, and of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, an Inaugural Federation Fellowship, the 2006 Australia Prime Minister’s Science Prize, the 2008 U.K. Rank Prize for Optoelectronics, and the 2009 Distinguished Alumni Award of the Indian Institute of Science.
Lines of research: (i) Sensory systems (ii) Cognition and development
Vision, navigation and ‘cognition’ in animals with simple nervous systems, and applications to robotics
The goal of our laboratory is to understand how vision guides and shapes behaviour. Finely-tuned behaviour is critical the survival of any species, and this competition for survival promotes the evolution of better visual systems. This is readily apparent to anyone observing a bird achieving a collision-free flight through a dense forest, a bee orchestrating a smooth landing, or a president ducking to evade a flying shoe. Today’s robots perform such tasks with far less finesse. Our mission is to better understand how the eye and brain solve complex visuomotor tasks, and to ask if this understanding can be used to design novel strategies for machines that see, perceive, steer and navigate.
Major approaches and technologies employed in the laboratory include
- Quantitative analysis of behaviour of flying insects (especially honeybees) and birds
- Multi-camera, high speed video technology
- Mathematical models of visual processing and visually guided behaviour
- Machine and computer vision
- Unmanned aerial vehicles
With Dario Floreano, Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne, Switzerland: Biologically inspired robotics
With Marie Dacke, University of Lund: Honeybee navigation
With Thomas Labhart, University of Zurich: Polarization vision in honeybee navigation
With Jonathan Roberts, CSIRO, Brisbane: Robotics
With Jochen Zeil, Australian National University: Insect vision and homing
M.V. Srinivasan (2011) Visual control of navigation in insects and its relevance for robotics. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 21, 1-9. (With cover illustration)
M.V. Srinivasan (2011) Honeybees as a model for the study of visually guided flight, navigation, and biologically inspired robotics. Physiological Reviews 91, 389-411 (With cover illustration)
Frontiers in Sensing, F.G. Barth, J.A.C. Humphrey and M.V. Srinivasan (eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg (in press).
M.V. Srinivasan, R.J.D. Moore, S. Thurrowgood, D, Soccol and D. Bland (in press) From biology to engineering: Insect vision and applications to robotics. In: Frontiers in Sensing, F.G. Barth, J.A.C. Humphrey and M.V. Srinivasan (eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.
M.V. Srinivasan (2011) Honeybees as a model for the study of visually guided flight, navigation, and biologically inspired robotics. Physiological Reviews 91, 389-411.
P. Kraft, C. Evangelista, M. Dacke, T. Labhart and M. V. Srinivasan (2011) Honeybee navigation: Following routes using polarized-light cues. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 366, 703-708.
C. Evangelista, P. Kraft, M. Dacke, J. Reinhard and M.V. Srinivasan (2010) The moment before touchdown: Landing manoeuvres of the honeybee Apis mellifera. Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 262-270.
P. Bhagavatula, C. Claudianos, M. Ibbotson and M. Srinivasan (2009) Edge detection in landing budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus). PLoS ONE 4(10): e7301
M.V. Srinivasan, S. Thurrowgood and D. Soccol (2009) From flying insects to autonomously navigating robots. IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine, Special Issue on Cognitive Robotics. 16(3): 59-71.
M.V. Srinivasan (2009) Honeybees as a model for vision, perception and ‘cognition’. Annual Review of Entomology 55, 267–284
M.V. Srinivasan, S. Thurrowgood and D. Soccol (2009) From visual guidance in flying insects to autonomous aerial vehicles. In: Flying Insects and Robots, D. Floreano, J.-C. Zufferey, M.V. Srinivasan and C. Ellington (eds.), Springer- Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 15-28.
P. Letzkus, N. Boeddeker, J.T. Wood, S.W. Zhang and M.V. Srinivasan (2008) Lateralization of visual learning in the honeybee. Biol. Lett. 4, 16-18.
P. Letzkus, W.A. Ribi, J.T. Wood, H. Zhu, S.W. Zhang, M.V. Srinivasan (2006) Lateralization of olfaction in the honeybee Apis mellifera. Current Biology 16, 1471-1476.
S.W. Zhang, F. Bock, A. Si, J. Tautz and M.V. Srinivasan (2005) Visual working memory in decision making by honeybees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 102, 5250-5255.
J. Tautz, S.W. Zhang, J. Spaethe, A. Brockmann, A. Si and M. Srinivasan (2004) Honeybee odometry: performance in varying natural terrain. PLOS Biology 2, 915-923.
J. Reinhard, M.V. Srinivasan and S.W. Zhang (2004) Scent-triggered navigation in honeybees. Nature 427, 411.
H. Esch, S.W. Zhang, M.V. Srinivasan and J. Tautz (2001) Honeybee dances communicate distances measured by optic flow. Nature 411, 581-583.
M. Giurfa, S.W. Zhang, A. Jenett, R. Menzel and M.V. Srinivasan (2001) The concepts of “sameness” and “difference” in an insect. Nature 410, 930-933.
M.V. Srinivasan, S.W. Zhang, M. Altwein and J. Tautz (2000) Honeybee navigation: nature and calibration of the ‘odometer’. Science 287, 851 – 853.
M.V Srinivasan, S.W. Zhang and H. Zhu (1998) Honeybees link sights to smells. Nature 396, 637-638.
From Living Eyes to Seeing Machines, M.V. Srinivasan and S. Venkatesh (eds), Oxford University Press, U.K. (1997).
M.V. Srinivasan, S.W. Zhang, M. Lehrer and T.S. Collett (1996) Honeybee navigation en route to the goal: visual flight control and odometry. Journal of Experimental Biology 199, 237-244.
M.V. Srinivasan, S.W. Zhang and B. Rolfe (1993) Pattern vision in insects: "cortical" processing? Nature 362, 539-540.
M. Lehrer, M.V. Srinivasan, S.W. Zhang and G.A. Horridge (1988) Motion cues provide the bee's visual world with a third dimension. Nature 332, 356-357.
M.V. Srinivasan, S.B. Laughlin and A. Dubs (1982) Predictive coding: a fresh view of inhibition in the retina. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 216, 427-459.